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Ask any parent what their number one priority is and they'll all have the same answer. Our children—their health, happiness and well-being—come before anything else. It makes sense that much of our financial planning is centered on giving them the best life we can.
Raising kids isn't cheap, but many families also face additional costs they perhaps never anticipated. More and more children are being diagnosed with emotional challenges that require a significant amount of time, energy and resources to manage. For many parents, it's a full-time job that has very real financial implications.
Lifetime care for someone with autism affected by an intellectual disability comes in at $2.3 million. Similarly, raising a child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is five times more expensive than raising a child without the diagnosis.
Numbers like these will likely make you flinch, but we help families continue to grow their wealth in the face of all kinds of challenges. All it takes is a little preparation, forethought and expert guidance. If you're raising children with emotional challenges, you certainly aren't alone. Shoring up your finances begins with understanding the financial reality.
The Cost of Therapy and Medication
Every condition, and child, is different. Some of the most common pediatric mental health disorders include ADHD, anxiety and behavior disorders. Autism spectrum disorders make up another large piece of the pie, affecting one in every 59 children in the U.S.
Interventions vary from child to child. The first step is having your child evaluated, which costs some families anywhere between $700 to $2,000. The kicker is that insurance doesn't always foot the bill. if you aren't sure where to begin, your pediatrician is a great starting point for resources and referrals. From there, check with your insurance company to see what's included in your coverage.
Different types of therapies may be part of your child's routine, from speech and play therapy to occupational and physical therapy. Again, insurance plans are unique in terms of what they'll cover. Some services are provided free of charge within the public school system, but some children benefit from more frequent visits, which parents have to pay for out of pocket.
You may be able to get some financial relief when it comes time to file your taxes. Qualifying medical expenses that exceed 10 percent of your income are tax deductible. This includes insurance premiums, therapeutic swimming and more.
The Potential Loss of Income
Your child's health care costs don't paint the whole picture. For many families, one parent is forced to either scale back at work or leave the workforce altogether in order to care for children with emotional challenges. One study found that mothers who have an autistic child, on average, earn 56 percent less income. This loss of cash flow can change your family's financial dynamic, but that doesn't mean you can't adjust and adapt.
Any trusted advisor can tell you that financial planning changes as we move through different stages of life. The earlier you can sit down together to make a plan, the better. Beyond your monthly cash flow, how will a change in your work life affect your retirement contributions? And, most importantly, how can you tweak your financial strategy to accommodate your new income level?
Planning for Your Child's Future
We all know that parenting doesn't end when your child turns 18. Our love for them lasts a lifetime. Children with special needs often require additional supports well into adulthood. Will your child need long-term care as an adult? Or any other long-lasting supports or resources? This is a long-term savings goal that isn't unlike preparing for retirement—the earlier you begin, the better. And no matter what, it's never too late to start planning.
While none of us can fully predict what the future holds, we can certainly take life's challenges and use them to shape our financial planning. At JJ Burns & Company, we work side by side with families to understand their unique expenses, then customize a wealth management plan that's designed to help them thrive and grow; no matter what life throws their way.
We hear the noise. All the chatter from the doom and gloom media, predicting a coming recession. And naturally, investors become a little rattled and wonder if they should be making any moves now, ahead of a potential market pullback.
Well, we’re here to clarify a few things about what’s really happening in the economy now, and to offer our advice on how an experienced investor should react accordingly.
Let’s Review the Facts About a Recession
A recession is a macro-economic term that refers to a significant decline in general economic activity in a designated region. It is typically confirmed after two consecutive quarters of economic decline, as reflected by GDP numbers, in conjunction with other monthly indicators like employment.
Recessions are frequently characterized by a rash of business failures and often bank failures, slow or negative growth in production, and elevated unemployment.
NONE of those conditions exist in our present economy!
Currently, the U.S. Leading Economic Indicators Index is still positive. Inflation is low, unemployment is low, and jobless claims are not excessively high or rising rapidly.
In our region, we are amazed at the number of help wanted signs posted in local businesses that most likely are not included in official statistics.
Furthermore, recessions are notoriously difficult to predict. So-called pundits in the media often rely on indicators that have long lead times; some up to a TWO YEAR lead.
If nervous investors decide to leave the market based on those kinds of nebulous indicators and predictions, that’s a long time to be out of what could be a potentially profitable market. Especially based on something that might not even occur! Plus, missing out on positive days in the market can have a serious effect on long-term capital growth. Take a close look at the graph below:
To sum up, we are not currently in a recession and there are no leading economic indicators that suggest that one is lurking around the corner.
“The Headlines Say Things are Bad. Why Am I Still in the Market?”
Markets are ALWAYS turbulent. Markets often have daily volatility but it is generally manageable. The market has a reaction, digests the information and moves on.
There is never a perfect time to invest. Many investors believe they can flawlessly time their deployment of capital at the very bottom of a severe bear market. Two issues pertaining to that strategy are:
- Nobody—NOBODY—knows when the bottom of a bear market occurs.
- Investors let the fear instinct take over during a decline, preferring to sell stocks rather than buy them. Remember, the adage is “Buy low, sell high,” not the other way around.
Negative headlines play to EMOTIONS. We often make reference to the “Four Horsemen of the Investing Apocalypse,” which are:
None of these emotional or mental states involve any kind of rational assessment of prevailing market or economic conditions. Investors who fall prey to The Horsemen are allowing other market participants to make decisions for them about their own finances and portfolios.
The financial media is not an advisor, and is not interested in helping investors. The media is interested in promoting fear and confusion—unleashing The Four Horsemen—and having folks tune in to watch commercials for financial products that claim to help.
There is NO one-size-fits-all portfolio or plan. We customize every plan and portfolio, and we thoroughly know our clients, so that we can effectively make changes to either as necessary.
A talking head on TV doesn’t and can’t.
“If a Recession Occurs, How Will My Portfolio Be Handled?”
Good question. We get asked this all the time. But let’s note a few things before we specifically answer the question.
First, timing the market is almost impossible. But for those who try, there are costs attached. And attempting to time the market could hurt you more than you think.
During what are perceived to be volatile times in the market, investors always focus on the fear instinct to sell, but never focus on the greed instinct of when to re-enter the market. As a result, investors can be their own worst enemy—selling at times of greatest panic, and then potentially missing out on subsequent gains.
The capacity to stay the course, to remain in the market over the long haul, and to take advantage of buying opportunities during a down cycle, is an essential KEY to capital accumulation and meeting long-term plans and goals.
It’s impractical to try to maneuver through market turbulence, trying to guess about short-term events and still maintain a long-term perspective. Portfolios and asset allocations can always be changed to reflect life’s circumstances.
However, constantly trying to time the market makes setting an allocation and sticking with it much more difficult, due to the many factors that influence a plan and a portfolio.
So how will we handle your portfolio? First, here’s what we won’t do. We won’t time your portfolio out of stocks into cash, and then put it back into stocks. This is impossible to do successfully, and many of our clients have long-term goals and financial plans that will not be met with market-guessing trading.
Here’s what we will do. In conjunction with your goals and financial plan, we will establish a long-term investment portfolio and set your asset allocation accordingly.
From time to time, we may adjust the allocation based on your individual circumstances, but it will be a strategic change to your mix of bonds, stocks and cash. We will not try to time trades among asset classes.
Regardless of your ultimate allocation, we will periodically rebalance your portfolio to make sure your asset mix is aligned with your goals. For example, this may entail selling bonds to buy equities, if the stock market suffers a decline during a protracted period such as 2008-09, or like the tech stock sell-off during the early 2000s.
If cash is a requirement for you in the near-term future, we recommend assessing the amount of cash you’ll need and then setting aside the funds from your current allocation. Raising cash during a pullback is not the best solution to meet cash needs.
Let’s Have a Sunny Day Discussion
At JJ Burns & Company, we always recommend to our clients to have a “Sunny Day” discussion with us about economic issues, well before the markets get bumpy and fear kicks in.
It’s the optimal time to examine your personal, long-range goals and plans, and to discuss how your portfolio is designed to achieve them. It’s much better to have a calm and sensible discussion then, as opposed to when the market appears to be in turmoil.
We are long-term optimists about capitalism and markets. We think if an investor is too, then there’s never a truly bad time to be in the market.
We've all heard the old adage that money can't buy you love. I'd wager to say that this truth runs a bit deeper. It's easy to treat wealth as a relationship safety cushion—something that buoys us up and keeps our relationships floating along toward security. It's a theory that makes sense on a surface level. But if this is the case, then why is money consistently the number one relationship stressor?
We may think this statistic relates solely to scarcity. Struggling to make ends meet would stress out any couple, right? But financial abundance doesn't guarantee relationship bliss. As a wealth advisor, I've seen many family relationships, business relationships and friendships fail, time and time again.
In reality, financial stability is a tool that can move us closer to our goals and afford us the comfort and peace of mind to pursue a life that's in line with our values. But the same goes in reverse: When we're living out of alignment with our core values and not being true to ourselves, our finances tend to suffer.
I've seen this truth play itself out again and again across the board among people of all upbringings and cultural backgrounds. One of the most common scenarios is staying miserable in a toxic marriage in an attempt to preserve the family. It comes from an honorable motivation; wanting to keep the family intact and cause as little disruption as possible to growing children. I've seen many couples "riding it out" until their youngest goes to college. Staying in an unfulfilling marriage, however, isn't a gift to your kids, your spouse or yourself.
Not only do children typically pick up on the relationship tension despite these efforts, this kind of arrangement also lends itself to financial recklessness. Over the years, I've seen serious overspending habits develop as people dig themselves into debt trying to soothe themselves or overcompensate with their children to make them feel happy and secure. Staying in an incompatible relationship also makes it all but impossible to take a team approach to working toward joint financial goals, like living your best life now while building your nest egg, and planning out your retirement dreams. Sometimes this pattern plays out in another way, going through with multiple divorces and remarriages only to continue repeating the same mistakes.
Romantic relationships aren't the only bonds that can lead to financial stress. Business partnerships and friendships, when not tended to and nurtured, can wreak havoc on our financial life. I can't tell you how many times I've advised people against these types of risky financial decisions, from lending a large amount of money to a friend to borrowing against a home to finance an unstable business venture. In almost every scenario, the person's heart is in the right place, but our judgment is easily clouded when emotions come into play. We're more likely to disregard sound advice and leap without looking first. The implications can affect our relationships, our finances and even our health.
Enjoying the wealth we have has everything to do with maintaining healthy core relationships. This is what leads to a rewarding life where our money is empowering us to live the life we really want. So how do we create positive relationships in our lives, and get rid of the negative ones that drag us down? Like anything else, it requires conscious goal-setting.
Take a minute to ask yourself: What is a good relationship to me? What kinds of relationships do I want to have? Whether it's a deep dive or simply an acquaintance who shares your interests, some details should never be compromised. We should surround ourselves with people who share our values and make us feel connected and appreciated; people we can open up to and be vulnerable with, whether it's a friend or significant other. Our closest relationships ought to be ones that make us feel secure and good about ourselves, not worried or stressed.
Healthy relationships are also ones built on mutual respect and kindness—each participant wants the best for the other and is open to learning and growing together during whatever chapter of life you find yourselves in. And while social media has expanded our social circles tremendously, it's no replacement for flesh-and-blood friendships. What we see online isn't always authentic, and spending quality time together in real life is what enriches relationships and fosters authentic human connections.
JJ Burns & Company understands that our personal and business relationships aren't independent from our financial lives. One influences the other, which is why a fresh perspective can go a long way in growing our wealth and making the most out of this one life we have.
Retirement is often looked at as the shining light at the end of a long professional career. Ever catch yourself thinking thoughts like these?
When I retire, I'll finally travel the world.
Once my career slows down, I'll get started on that passion project I've been dreaming of.
After my children are grown and out of the house, I'll really begin having some adventures.
The problem with this all-too-common way of thinking is that it isn't rooted in the present. Instead, it glorifies the future—retirement, specifically—as the time when you'll finally honor your truest self and check off the bucket list items that are close to your heart. It makes sense in theory, but it puts a good chunk of your happiness at a future point way down the line. As a longtime wealth advisor, I can say that this is the norm for most folks.
Unfortunately, I've seen this plan backfire more than a few times. The truth is that none of us has a crystal ball. Despite our best-laid plans, we can't control every aspect of what the future will bring. What if you or your spouse experience an unexpected illness in retirement that prevents you from fulfilling those big goals? Or an adult child needs help that takes resources away from turning your dreams into reality. These may sound like extreme circumstances, but things like this happen more often than you'd think.
This is precisely why it's so important not to put off your bucket list until after you retire. The reality is that by then, it may be too late. Sometimes it isn't a serious emergency or health crisis that changes the plan. For many others, it's things like financial restraints or insurance issues that make it near impossible to live out their long-held dreams.
There is a silver lining here, though. These seemingly opposing goals—maintaining financial stability in everyday life and checking off your bucket list—don't have to be at odds with each other. In fact, it's more than possible to nurture both without neglecting either. The answer comes down to smart, values-led financial planning. At JJ Burns & Company, the operative word is "values."
The reason there's no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to financial planning is that we all have different values, goals and dreams. For some, it's traveling across Europe and experiencing different cultures. For others, it's volunteering and exploring service projects that make a positive impact on the world. Smart financial planning makes room for whatever you value right alongside life's most practical demands, like contributing to retirement, investing wisely, and protecting and growing your net worth. These things go hand in hand, each supporting the other.
Wise planning empowers you to fill more than one bucket at the same time without negatively impacting either. This involves creating realistic timelines and financial plans to allow you to sprinkle bucket-list experiences into everyday life leading up to retirement. The driving force, in life and financial planning, is striking a balance that feels right to you; working toward fulfilling your dreams in a way that doesn't derail your other responsibilities. This may require asking yourself some big questions and contemplating a variety of trade-offs that will ultimately allow you to enjoy the best of both worlds. This task is a lot more manageable when you have the right wealth advisor by your side to help you weigh your options, explore your choices, and ultimately create a plan that's in line with your values.
We only have this one life, and the reality is that we can't predict what the future holds. Delaying your happiness until your golden years could end up being one of your greatest regrets. (Take it from me; I've seen it firsthand!) Thankfully, better financial planning is the secret weapon that allows you to enjoy life now and in the future. It doesn't have to be one or the other.
This truth guides our financial planning at JJ Burns & Company. We're driven to help each and every client live life to the fullest today, while protecting their financial health for tomorrow.
Maintaining a successful long-term relationship, and continuing to thrive over the long haul, is a team effort. Both partners have to be all in, both emotionally and logistically. This goes beyond divvying up household duties and co-parenting: one responsibility that's easy to forget about is balancing love and money by managing your joint finances.
There is no ‘best way’ for couples to manage their money—it depends on what works for you and your significant other. Some may feel most comfortable merging all their funds into joint checking and savings accounts, while others prefer the autonomy of separate debit and credit cards. The truth is that both approaches can work, but no matter the option you choose to use, some financial details are indeed intertwined when you're a married couple.
Commingling Your Credit
When newlyweds say "I do," they're uniting more than just their families; their debt also comes under one new umbrella. In other words, your credit score no longer stands alone. Whether you're applying for a mortgage, an auto loan or any other type of financing, lenders will look at your overall financial health, which includes your spouse's credit score. Having the money talk with your partner doesn't have to be complicated. If you haven't already done so, sit down together and put your credit history and current debts on the table. This way you're both on the same page. And if there's any credit repair to be done, you can make a plan for tackling it together.
Learning to Budget Together
An effective budget is really nothing more than a financial game plan that both partners create together. Lead with laying out your joint income, followed by the monthly expenses you have both together and separately. For instance, your mortgage or rent payment would be a joint expense, while your weekly happy hour date with your best friend may be considered an individual spend.
Once you see everything in black and white, communicate openly and honestly to come up with a monthly budgeting plan that works best for the two of you. Some couples may prefer separate checking accounts but joint savings accounts; or you might like the idea of using your spouse's income to cover housing expenses while directing yours to a checking account designated for other bills. At the end of the day, the best option is up to you, but the point is that ironing out the details should be a joint activity—not something that one partner decides and then dictates to the other. Financial knowledge is the foundation of financial empowerment, so no one should be in the dark here.
Planning for the Future as a Team
Equally managing your money also comes down to talking openly about your individual financial goals. Your spouse may be dreaming of traveling the world after retirement, or maybe you've both got your sights set on saving a down payment for a new home. Communicate freely about your big-picture dreams, then strategize as a team about how you'll get there. Building a reliable nest egg that will see you both through retirement doesn't happen overnight. Instead, it requires getting on the same page as your partner early on so that you can begin taking steps to get there—and, hopefully with as little stress as possible.
Whether it's coming up with an investment strategy, a debt payoff plan or a monthly budgeting approach, the most important thing is that you are doing it together. If one partner doesn't have a strong foothold in their finances, what will happen if he or she comes up against an unexpected death or divorce down the road? In the blink of an eye, they may be left to manage their finances on their own.
If making an effective plan feels like tricky terrain, a CFP® professional can help you and your partner clarify your goals and get on the right track together. Communication is key. From there, it's about managing your money as a team.
Your 60s are a unique time. You're on the home stretch of your professional life, your kids are likely grown, and in the back of your head, you're probably asking yourself what it is you want out of your retirement. But in the run-up to your golden years, finding time to catch your breath and really dive deep into the big questions isn't always easy. Work, family and social obligations have a way of keeping us perpetually busy—giving us the perfect excuse to put off retirement planning.
We don't have to tell you that time goes fast, and if you aren't prepared, retirement could very well sneak up on you. The good news here is that a little planning can go a very long way when it comes to crafting the retirement of your dreams. Of course, it all begins with one very important question: What do you really want to do once you retire?
What Does Retirement Mean to You?
This is a very personal question. For some, it may mean finally embracing a slower lifestyle where you have the time to dig into your hobbies and do as you please. For others, this stage of life is more about exploring new adventures and finally experiencing bucket-list dreams. Whether you prefer to take up rock climbing, big game fishing or work on your garden, being a happy, fulfilled retiree depends heavily on one important factor—planning ahead.
It all begins, of course, with you. Take a minute for yourself, close your eyes, and envision your ideal retirement scenario. What does it look like? What is it that's going to feed your sense of fulfillment and emotional well-being? These are big questions, so really settle into this exercise.
For more and more people, retiring abroad has been a game changer. There's no shortage of beautiful locales that boast inexpensive, quality health care and low housing costs. Put those things together and it's easy to see why a whopping 3.3 million Americans are skipping Florida and opting for an out-of-the-box retirement destination instead.
How to Plan to Retire Abroad
In some ways, planning to retire abroad isn't all that different from retiring in your hometown. Both require getting a firm grasp on two ever-important factors: Your income and your expenses. The first one goes beyond your nest egg, covering everything from Social Security benefits to pensions to passive income streams like rental properties. This amount isn't really contingent on your location as the numbers will be the same whether you're in Fort Lauderdale or Belize.
It's your expenses that really tip the scales. Coming in on top is usually housing and health care, both of which can be significantly cheaper outside of the United States, depending on where you go. While the average American homeowner spends $1,443 per month on housing alone, expats can live a life of luxury in dreamy Granada, Spain—soaking up five-star cuisine, rich culture, and unbelievable natural beauty—for just $2,500 a month. Health care is also top notch.
So how can Baby Boomers get there? The journey begins with having a candid conversation with an experienced wealth advisor who understands your values, goals and financial position. Together, you can craft a plan that's tailored to you, and then begin taking steps to get there. As the old saying goes: Inch by inch, life's a cinch.
In other words, the best time to start making a roadmap for retirement is always now. This is especially true for folks looking to retire abroad or live in multiple countries during retirement. Planning ahead means thinking about what you'll do with your stateside properties, how an expat lifestyle will affect your taxes, and zeroing in on the destinations that tug at your heart the most.
After working your whole life, retirement is an opportunity to live a life that's in alignment with your greatest desires. The problem is that it's dangerously easy for the busyness of everyday life to derail our efforts to clarify those desires and bring them to life. At JJ Burns & Company, helping people achieve the retirement of their dreams is perhaps the biggest perk of the job—a little bit of forethought and accountability is all it takes.
Being appointed a trustee over family assets can feel overwhelming if you aren't familiar with the ins and outs of family trusts. First things first; don't panic. It's a big responsibility, but nothing you can't handle if you've got the right financial advisor by your side.
So what does being a family trustee mean? In the simplest terms, you're being entrusted with handling the family's assets—bank accounts, businesses, real estate, you name it. This includes managing and distributing these assets in accordance with the grantor's wishes, as well as making good on the trust's tax filings.
Family trusts can take a couple of different forms. The first, known as a testamentary trust, is appointed after the grantor's death. The other is called a living trust, which is exactly what the name implies. This is when the grantor, who's still living, signs family assets over to you. This is a common occurrence, especially for what's known as the "sandwich generation." These are folks who are simultaneously raising children and caring for aging parents.
So why would a family member appoint you as trustee? The biggest benefit is that, after the grantor's death, it allows the family to sidestep the costly and time-intensive probate process. And as Legal Zoom points out, it also preserves privacy—there won't be any public record of your family's assets and debts. Another important feature of a family trust is that it protects beneficiaries, like children or disabled relatives, who aren't able to handle their assets on their own.
Now that you know what a trustee actually does, let's unpack some of the most common hurdles. Again, seeing it all in black and white may feel daunting, but knowledge is power. In my 24 years as a Certified Financial Planner, I can tell you that financial awareness is the first step in decreasing stress and putting yourself back in the driver's seat.
Common Challenges of Being a Trustee
The thing about managing a family trust is that—in money and in life—there are a lot of moving parts to consider. In addition to the actual assets, you also have to think about the well-being of the beneficiaries you've been tasked with protecting. After one parent passes away, for instance, you may have to take over the family trust for the surviving parent who's also battling dementia or another degenerative disease that leaves them unable to handle the task.
This is tricky because, well, you're human! In addition to grieving the loss of a parent, the responsibility of caring for other close family members likely weighs heavy on your heart. The same goes for similar situations, like acting on behalf of a disabled sibling. The crux of the problem here is the complexity of juggling these two components—the financial responsibility and your emotional health. One bit of consolation is that this is completely normal and to be expected.
This is precisely why outsourcing the task to a qualified third party is often the best way to go. At JJ Burns & Company, we act as impartial facilitators who are 100% guided by fiduciary duty. In other words, we do right by the grantor and carry out their wishes so that their beneficiaries are cared for as intended—no conflicts of interest, no drama. Every family has their share of baggage, old grudges, and decades-long dynamics. It's simply part of life, but it can create a real headache for those who are handling a family trust. Partnering with a third-party facilitator protects those relationships and takes the pressure off the trustee.
Whether you choose to manage it yourself or team up with a financial expert, a few tasks should be at the top of the to-do list. Chief among them is getting an accurate valuation of the estate as a whole. And through every step of the process, honesty and transparency should always reign supreme.
It's also in everyone's best interests to create some liquidity from assets from the get-go. To put it another way, which assets can be easily liquidated to free up cash for immediate financial responsibilities, like taxes?
Your Action Plan
The first order of business is putting together a competent team of professionals (a financial advisor, CPA, and attorney) to help you shoulder the responsibility. This will help eliminate any conflicts of interest so that you can truly act as an independent facilitator of the trust. From there, it's about really understanding each beneficiary’s needs versus wants.
Prior to becoming a trustee, for example, a sibling may have grown accustomed to an over-the-top annual allowance from your parents. But taking the financial reins may reveal that this isn't sustainable over the long haul, so appropriate changes need to be made to preserve the estate's longevity. This requires making well-informed decisions that are based on the facts, as well as the parameters of the trust. Above all, advisors can help guide the trustee every step of the way.
Keep the lines of communication open so that beneficiaries can articulate their needs and wants. And be sure to revisit your family's values as needed so that you're really preserving the grantor's legacy and wishes. If you get ensnared by financial details, it's easy to lose sight of what matters most—family. Throughout your journey as a trustee, come back to your family values again and again to help guide you.
At JJ Burns & Company, we understand the complicated family dynamics that come into play here. We're also well-versed in the many financial nuances and tax responsibilities that go hand in hand with taking over a family trust. With the right team behind you, the road ahead doesn't have to be a bumpy one.
If you've been diagnosed with a chronic illness, you already know that it affects more than just our physical health. Digesting the news and coming to terms with this new reality often takes a toll on our mental health, relationships, family life, career and finances.
The latter is particularly important. Chronic illnesses account for 86% of our nation's $2.7 trillion annual health care expenditures. What's more, researchers say it isn't uncommon for folks with chronic health conditions to spend hundreds—or even thousands—every year, on top of their regular insurance premiums. Things obviously vary widely depending on the type and severity of the condition, but the main takeaway is that if you aren't prepared, a chronic illness could do a number on your finances.
Like anything else, knowledge is the key to empowerment. At JJ Burns & Company, we’re no stranger to serving clients who are living with chronic conditions. Our first order of business is restoring your financial confidence and putting you back in the driver's seat. Here's how.
Get a Handle on Your New Health Care Expenses
Understanding your outgoing expenses is the foundation of every financial plan. This is especially true for those with a chronic illness. Depending on your diagnosis, you may find yourself up against a long list of new health care expenses. The average person battling Parkinson's disease, for example, spends close to $23,000 every year in medical expenses. Connect with your health care providers to get a clear idea of what you can expect. Between medications, doctor visits, therapies, medical equipment, home health care aides and the like, is it possible to ballpark your annual medical needs and expenses? (Joining a support group is a great way to connect with those who are in the trenches and can provide some valuable perspective.) From there, it's time to take a deep dive into your health insurance policy to project your out-of-pocket costs.
There are a lot of numbers to crunch, which is why it's always wise to sit down with your financial advisor to map out a big-picture plan before making any moves. (We'll touch on this more in a moment.)
Leverage Tax-Advantaged Accounts
Tax-friendly funds like health savings accounts (HSAs) and flexible spending accounts (FSAs) can go a long way in easing the financial burden of a chronic illness. Each lets participants earmark pre-tax money to be spent on eligible medical expenses. FSAs have a use-it-or-lose-it setup (funds don't roll over from year to year), whereas HSAs stay with you over the long haul.
An HSA is particularly good to have in your arsenal because not only can you withdraw from it for medical expenses tax-free at any time, those funds become 100% yours, no strings attached, once you turn 65. You can spend the balance any way you wish. Just keep in mind that HSAs are only available to those who have a high-deductible health plan. They also have contribution limits ($3,450 for single folks under 55; $6,850 for families). That said, it's worthwhile to check in with your employer about whether they offer an HSA. If not, you can open one on your own if you meet the eligibility requirements.
Continue Honoring Your Life
A new diagnosis, while certainly life-changing, doesn't have to derail your dreams. Instead, it's about balancing your life with this new reality. Once you've connected with your medical team and have a firm handle on what to expect, take the time to really revisit your bucket list. What experiences stand out to you the most? Which line items ignite a sense of excitement within you?
Let this intuition guide you and your financial advisor so that your financial plan stays aligned with your values. Sometimes a chronic illness can be a blessing in disguise in that it reminds you what's really important in life. Taking an extended family vacation and making memories together, for instance, may suddenly feel like the best use of your money.
Reevaluate Your Investment Strategy
This really underscores the importance of having an in-depth conversation with your financial advisor as early as possible. A chronic illness complicates your finances, which is why our clients never have to go it alone. Depending on your health situation, your advisor may suggest reallocating your assets to free up more liquidity. If your illness is preventing you from working, whether temporarily or permanently, responsibly bridging that income gap becomes priority number one.
At JJ Burns & Company, we don't believe in making rash decisions. Instead, we take the long view and consider your overall financial health before tweaking your investment strategy. Remember: Our goal is to set you up for long-term success and stability. This is where estate planning comes in.
Despite the misconception, this isn't reserved only for those knocking on death's door. On the contrary, it's a simple way for anyone, regardless of where they are in life, to preserve their wealth and safeguard their family's future. After all, this is what financial planning is all about.
After a period of relative calm in the markets, in recent days the increase in volatility in the stock market has resulted in renewed anxiety for many investors. From September 30–October 10, the US market (as measured by the Russell 3000 Index) fell 4.8%, resulting in many investors wondering what the future holds and if they should make changes to their portfolios. While it may be difficult to remain calm during a substantial market decline, it is important to remember that volatility is a normal part of investing. Additionally, for long-term investors, reacting emotionally to volatile markets may be more detrimental to portfolio performance than the drawdown itself.
Exhibit 1 shows calendar year returns for the US stock market since 1979, as well as the largest intra-year declines that occurred during a given year. During this period, the average intra-year decline was about 14%. About half of the years observed had declines of more than 10%, and around a third had declines of more than 15%. Despite substantial intra-year drops, calendar year returns were positive in 33 years out of the 39 examined. This goes to show just how common market declines are and how difficult it is to say whether a large intra-year decline will result in negative returns over the entire year.
Reacting Impacts Performance
If one were to try and time the market in order to avoid the potential losses associated with periods of increased volatility, would this help or hinder long-term performance? If current market prices aggregate the information and expectations of market participants, stock mispricing cannot be systematically exploited through market timing. In other words, it is unlikely that investors can successfully time the market, and if they do manage it, it may be a result of luck rather than skill. Further complicating the prospect of market timing being additive to portfolio performance is the fact that a substantial proportion of the total return of stocks over long periods comes from just a handful of days. Since investors are unlikely to be able to identify in advance which days will have strong returns and which will not, the prudent course is likely to remain invested during periods of volatility rather than jump in and out of stocks. Otherwise, an investor runs the risk of being on the sidelines on days when returns happen to be strongly positive.
Exhibit 2 helps illustrate this point. It shows the annualized compound return of the S&P 500 Index going back to 1990 and illustrates the impact of missing out on just a few days of strong returns. The bars represent the hypothetical growth of $1,000 over the period and show what happened if you missed the best single day during the period and what happened if you missed a handful of the best single days. The data shows that being on the sidelines for only a few of the best single days in the market would have resulted in substantially lower returns than the total period had to offer.
While market volatility can be nerve-racking for investors, reacting emotionally and changing long-term investment strategies in response to short-term declines could prove more harmful than helpful. By adhering to a well-thoughtout investment plan, ideally agreed upon in advance of periods of volatility, investors may be better able to remain calm during periods of short-term uncertainty.
Breaking up is hard to do, and it's something that's made even harder when it happens later in life. "Gray divorces," as they're called, are indeed on the rise. According to Pew Research Center, the divorce rate among folks aged 50 and over has doubled since the '90s. Most people in this boat find themselves in completely new terrain. The single life can be a disorienting new reality for those who've built a decades-long life with their partner.
Divvying up your assets and debts comes with the territory for any divorce, but I've learned over the years that those who split up later in life usually have more moving parts to consider. If emotional heartbreak is one side of the stress coin, disentangling your finances is the other.
Being thrown into new financial waters is often jolting for both parties, especially if you're the spouse who wasn't the breadwinner during the marriage. For the first time ever, you may find yourself 100% financially on your own. Do you know how to confidently manage your budget, long-term goals, and investment portfolio? Taking over the financial reins can be an intimidating experience for anyone, particularly those reeling from a midlife divorce.
Even if you were the primary earner, splitting up could majorly rock the lifestyle you've grown accustomed to living. Transitioning to the single life—which may or may not include alimony—is bound to disrupt your financial health. At JJ Burns & Company, we sit down with our clients and help them develop a detailed, customized financial strategy before any divorce plans are in motion. This is the best way to get a realistic snapshot of your new financial norm.
If you're contemplating a gray divorce of your own, it's wise to check in with your financial advisor about the best way to move forward. Doing so can help you sidestep these common pitfalls.
How it Might Impact Your Lifestyle (Especially in Retirement)
When all is said and done, the average cost of a divorce comes in at about $15,500, with some paying more than $100,000. This could potentially put a major dent in your retirement nest egg, especially if you're already behind on saving. What's more, your retirement accounts could very well be considered joint assets, and how they're split up varies from state to state. I won't dive too deeply into the legal technicalities here, but before you do anything, you need to know if you live in an equitable distribution state or a community property state. This directly dictates how your assets and debts are divided.
So what does this have to do with your retirement? While your original plan may have been to live out your golden years together, drawing on the same funds, a divorce may translate to a smaller payout for you. If you're approaching retirement age, this could mean downsizing your lifestyle or finding ways to make up the difference (i.e. delaying retirement or picking up a part-time job after you retire). Divorcing also means eventually cashing in on one person's Social Security benefits instead of two.
Again, there are a lot of moving parts. Every couple is different, but knowledge is power. Before making any decisions, we always advise our clients to zoom out and look at the big picture. The end goal is knowing you can still enjoy a comfortable quality of life should you divorce.
How the New Tax Law Factors into the Equation
Making the decision to divorce is one that's inherently emotional. Be that as it may, some couples know deep in their bones that going their separate ways is the healthiest path forward for everyone. Couples who agree that divorce is the best option are in somewhat of an unorthodox situation these days—thanks to the new tax reform plan taking effect January 2019, it might be in your financial best interest to split up sooner rather than later. Why? As the law reads right now, alimony payments count as a tax deduction. Once the new tax reform goes through, the tax break for spousal support payments will be eliminated.
In simple terms, divorcing will most likely get even more expensive. In no way are we encouraging married couples to break up—anyone who's endured a divorce knows how painful it is. However, if divorce already feels right in your heart, the new tax reform is worth your attention.
While money certainly can't buy happiness, it can empower us to live a life that's more in line with our values. As gray divorces continue trending, it's definitely worthwhile to weigh the financial repercussions before signing on the dotted line. At the end of the day, being our client means knowing that we're taking the long view when it comes to your financial health, whether you're partnered or single.